Many Facebook advertisers don’t realize that view-through A conversion is counted whenever a website visitor performs an action that fires a standard event, custom event, or custom conversion. Examples of conversions include purchases, leads, content views, add to cart, and registrations. More are a thing. Ads Manager reports on conversions that happen within 7-days of clicking or 1-day of viewing your ad without clicking, by default (Facebook ads attribution).
In other words, your ad can get credit for a conversion without anyone clicking on it. Let’s talk about when this might happen and why it can be controversial.
When Might This Happen?
The general scenario for a view-through conversion is simple:
- Your ad was served to a user
- That user may have seen it and even engaged with the ad without clicking to your website
- Later that day, the user Googled or went directly to your website
- The user then bought the product you were selling
The user in this example was served the ad, didn’t click, and then converted on your website within a day.
Of course, Meta is the only one who can tie these things together. It’s Meta that knows who saw the ad and it’s Meta who knows (due to the pixel) who converted. URL parameters and Google Analytics wouldn’t be able to report this.
While the scenario above is easiest to explain, the following scenario may be most common:
- You are running a remarketing The campaign is the foundation of your Facebook ad. This is where you'll set an advertising objective, which defines what you want your ad to achieve. More that targets someone who is on your email list
- An ad was served, but the targeted user may not have noticed or engaged with it
- Since that user is on your email list, you send them an email (coincidentally) later that day
- The user clicks a link in your email, goes to your website and makes a purchase
- Since Facebook knows the user saw your ad and can connect that user to your website, Attribution is how Meta gives credit to an ad for a conversion. Your Attribution Setting determines how your ad will be delivered and the reporting attribution window. The default Attribution Setting is 7-day click and 1-day view, which means that anyone who converts within 7 days of clicking or 1 day of viewing your ad will be counted as a conversion. More is given
In this scenario, the ad may have promoted something that had nothing to do with your email or what the user ultimately bought.
Why Are View-Through Conversions Controversial?
It’s probably not surprising that view-through conversions have long been controversial. Even pre-iOS 14, clients were skeptical of Ads Manager results which always seemed to report more conversions than other sources.
The question has been whether a view-through conversion is as valuable as a click-through conversion. It’s certainly not, but you can make the argument that the view contributed to the conversion. How much it contributed will depend upon the situation, as described above.
Now, I’ve historically not had an issue with view-through conversions. That has changed recently, primarily because there’s no way to separate view-through and click-through conversions in reporting. This was previously possible, of course, but Facebook removed the compare windows feature with iOS 14+ changes.
(NOTE: There’s actually a buried way that will still allow you to break down your results with and without view-through conversions. Read my post here.)
I’ll have more to say on this topic in a separate post!
What are your thoughts on view-through conversions?
Let me know in the comments below!