Facebook Content Strategy: Is it Better to Post at Non-Peak Times?

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facebook posting strategies peak times Facebook Content Strategy: Is it Better to Post at Non Peak Times?

[AUDIO VERSION: I also recorded an audio version of this blog post. Click below to listen. Let me know if this is something you find helpful!]

First, let me be very careful about the information I’m about to share. It will be easy for some to see this as either a loophole that can be exploited to reach the News Feed or a hard and fast rule about when you should post.

This is neither.

What I’m sharing here is merely anecdotal based on what I’ve seen recently in my results. It’s a sign that Facebook may have tweaked something. Or it could be an unexplained phenomenon limited to my page.

But I’ve heard enough from other page managers that I think there’s something to it. And regardless, there are reasons why posting in this way should be successful.

The “Best Time to Post” Myth

For years, we’ve seen scores of reports proclaiming the best time to post. It could be at 8am on Monday, for example. But such reports were flawed in so many ways.

First, they were based on a mash-up of data from different brands and users from around the world. What is good for me is not necessarily good for you. And time zone never seemed to be accounted for in these results.

But that was the obvious weakness in proclaiming a “best time to post.” There’s another issue that most have failed to understand.

These reports labeled a time “the best” because that’s when the most users were online. But in reality, this also creates the most possible competition at those times.

If you post at 8am when the most people are online, that also gives your post the most possible competition. Facebook will then need to filter out more noise to show the posts that people will care about most.

The result: You were bound to reach a lower percentage of people who were online at that time.

While I do tend to use the “most fans online” time as a starting point for posting, it’s looking more and more like that’s not particularly effective.

When My Fans Are Online

As you can see from this graph, my number of fans online is highest between about 6am and 3pm my time. There are an average of 17,518 fans online at that time.

Facebook Fans Online Jon Loomer Digital 700x366 Facebook Content Strategy: Is it Better to Post at Non Peak Times?

The least activity occurs between 10pm and 3am, when there are an average of 12,261 fans online (or 70% of peak activity).

You’d expect that my results would follow accordingly. You’d expect my posts at peak-times to receive more reach and engagement than my posts at non-peak times.

But lately, that’s far from the case.

Peak Time Performance

While I don’t obsess over Reach, this metric is the best starting point since I can separate paid from unpaid performance using Organic Reach. I can’t see, for example, how many people engaged when seeing my post organically vs. when it was an ad.

So let’s take a look at the Organic Reach of my posts during peak times from March 12 through April 8 (27 total posts). Again, this is when there are an average of 12,261 fans online.

organic reach during peak times jonloomer 700x366 Facebook Content Strategy: Is it Better to Post at Non Peak Times?

I split this up according to post type since we know this can make a difference.

As you can see here, links (8,574 average) and status updates (8,629) are reaching more people than photos (6,900) during peak times (6am – 3pm).

Non-Peak Time Performance

Note that I have a strategy that includes sharing evergreen links late at night. Therefore, I’ve only shared links during non-peak times.

organic reach during non peak times jonloomer 700x366 Facebook Content Strategy: Is it Better to Post at Non Peak Times?

I shared just as many posts in this study during peak times as non-peak times (27). Notice I’m reaching more people with links during non-peak times (12,963 average) vs. peak times (8,574).

Other Times Performance

Up until now, we’ve looked at the times between 6am-3pm and 10pm-3am. But what about the “other” times?

organic reach during other times jonloomer 700x366 Facebook Content Strategy: Is it Better to Post at Non Peak Times?

There were 35 of these posts, and links (11,982 average) outreached photos (7,890) and status updates (8,738)

Comparison of Organic Reach

First, let’s compare Organic Reach by time period, side-by-side.

organic reach comparison peak non peak jonloomer 700x367 Facebook Content Strategy: Is it Better to Post at Non Peak Times?

As a reminder, I only used links during non-peak times.

As you can see above, posts published during the peak times were consistently outperformed by posts published during non-peak or “other” times. This is despite the fact that only about 70% of the fans were online during the non-peak times.

When I take a look at my top 10 posts by Organic Reach during this period, only one (#8) was posted during peak times. The post that received the most distribution was shared at 1:20am and reached 33,344 people.

Remember: These late-night posts aren’t breaking news or shares of new blog posts. They are all re-shares of older, evergreen content.

An Important Point on Organic Reach

Now, I’d be foolish not to point out that Facebook has changed the way they report Organic Reach. In my mind, it’s now underreported when you promote a post.

If you reach a user both organically and paid, Facebook only counts that person paid. Because of that, the Organic Reach numbers for any post that was promoted are a bit misleading. And since I promote most new blog posts that are shared during peak times, this is important to point out.

So let’s also take a look at actions…

Comparison of Actions

Now, we all know that actions are more important than Reach. So I wanted to see how website clicks stacked up during these times whenever I shared a link.

The important thing here is that I need to label any post that received promotion since that significantly impacts the numbers. So let’s take a look at the top 10 performing link posts by website clicks…

Time Period Organic Reach Paid Reach Link Clicks
11:22 AM Peak 6040 10904 870
12:15 AM Non-Peak 27808 0 655
9:10 PM Other 25496 0 571
8:40 PM Other 30976 5392 546
1:15 AM Non-Peak 30864 0 524
1:20 AM Non-Peak 33344 4432 507
7:55 PM Other 16824 0 504
2:31 PM Peak 16424 0 501
7:40 PM Other 14840 0 424
11:10 PM Non-Peak 12652 0 424

[Side Note: I'd consider the performance of my top performing post as evidence that my ad targeting is very good. It received the most link clicks even though it reached about 17,000 people -- a number that is far less than some of the other posts on this list.]

While the top performing post was shared during peak times, most of those people (10,904) were reached with an ad. Only one more of these posts was shared during peak times, and that one generated the eighth most link clicks, though it didn’t receive promotion.

I also find it interesting that neither of the two posts shared during peak times were published during the highest activity period (earlier morning) during those peak hours.

Conclusions

It’s important to note that we’re dealing with relatively small sample sizes here. But it would be foolish to ignore the potential trend.

One would expect that posts published when 30% fewer fans are online would not only reach fewer people but receive fewer desired actions. I am certainly not seeing that right now.

A big reason for this is because I have an international audience. As a result, I don’t have the huge disparity of fans online during peak vs. non-peak times that many brands will have. So undoubtedly, that international audience is helping me.

But that isn’t the only explanation here since this still ignores the fact that I have fewer fans online during those times. In my opinion, the explanation is simple:

Good Content + Less Competition = High Performance

The typical Facebook user will have about 1500 potential stories on a given day. Facebook filters that down to about 300. Clearly, Facebook needs to do more filtering during peak times due to the competition level.

If you post at times when you have fans online but there is less noise in the News Feed, the probability you’ll be filtered out decreases.

But there’s an added benefit here: Story Bumping.

I’m hearing more and more from my friends on the east coast that they’re seeing my late-night posts at the tops of their News Feeds when they get up in the morning.

An easy explanation for this is that posts already have momentum because they were shown during low-competition times and received high engagement, so Facebook surfaced those posts in favor of other, newer posts published during peak times.

Or so I think. It’s difficult — even impossible — to know for sure. But this is certainly something worth monitoring.

Do my results mean you should start posting only at 2am? No. This is exactly what I want to avoid. If everyone suddenly starts posting at 2am, competition increases and the benefits disappear.

It means you should look at the composition of your fan base and experiment. Always experiment!

Have you seen similar results? Let me know in the comments below!

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About Jon Loomer

Jon Loomer is a digital marketing consultant with a unique perspective on social media. He was introduced to Facebook in 2007 while with the NBA (back before Pages) and has been using Facebook for business ever since. Stay in touch by liking his Facebook Page (Jon Loomer Digital).

  • http://www.wisemetrics.com/ Stephane Allard

    Jon, we did a research on a bigger sample (5K Pages) and came to the same conclusion :
    http://blog.wisemetrics.com/why-you-shouldnt-post-when-your-fans-are-online/

  • http://www.frenchkisscollections.com leslie_nicole

    This is very interesting. As I live in France, I have been concerned about my largely American audience missing posts. btw, Jon – on a mac on Firefox, your graphs are spilling out of the post and being blocked by the side bar.

    • http://jonloomer.com/blog Jon Loomer

      Should be fixed!

      • http://www.frenchkisscollections.com leslie_nicole

        Most are, the comparison of organic reach is still breaking out of the column. :-)

  • http://www.BlitzMetrics.com Dennis Yu

    Look at performance by geography, too, if your audience lives in more than one time zone.

    • http://www.antoniocalero.com/ Antonio Calero

      Excellent point @dennisyu:disqus. I guess the broader hint would be “analyse your audience demographics”. For example: I once managed an account whose core audience were stay home mums: they have a funny behaviour, as they seemed to be connected quite often during the day (flat graph) however they only interacted ad specific times (I guess, when the bubs are sleeping), which btw were shown by Facebook as ‘Less popular times’. As soon as I understood this and changed the schedule of my posts, Engagement skyrocketed!

      • http://www.BlitzMetrics.com Dennis Yu

        Yup– time and geography are but a couple dimensions. And they’re NOT the most important ones.

  • http://www.postplanner.com/ Scott Ayres

    Jon.. I’m just giggling that you wrote a blog about Reach! Hope that didn’t hurt too much bro! :P

    • http://jonloomer.com/blog Jon Loomer

      Haha. Well, note that I made sure to talk about actions, too!

      • http://www.postplanner.com/ Scott Ayres

        :P

  • valerie cogswell

    Hey Jon, what do you mean by “evergreen” content? Does this mean content you posted a long time ago and are now re-using? Thanks!

    • http://jonloomer.com/blog Jon Loomer

      You’ve got it!

      • valerie cogswell

        Thanks!!!

  • http://www.FetchResponse.com/ Roxann Souci

    I’m curious about your reason for limiting your links to evergreen posts.

    • http://jonloomer.com/blog Jon Loomer

      I don’t limit my links to evergreen posts. Just my late night posts are only evergreen link shares.

  • Rich

    Following your logic Jon, might it not be wisest to post just a few hours before your peak times? Rather than thru the night? That way you would have an even greater chance at being at the top of the newsfeeds?

    • http://jonloomer.com/blog Jon Loomer

      No idea, Rich. Something to experiment with!

      • Rich

        C’mon Jon, I’m lookin for the easy way out here…where someone else does all the testing for me! lol

        • Louann Cormier

          Don’t we all want that :-)

  • Kris de Leon

    I’m curious to test this out. Over 90% of our audience lives in the Pacific Time zone. Our peak times are between 6-9pm. When I post in the day time, we don’t get as much reach, so I’d like to test 9pm – 1am PDT. I haven’t tried that yet.

  • Kris de Leon

    Also, have you tested out reach between scheduling your own content and sharing another Page’s post? Here’s something interesting I noticed on my Page today:
    Shared another Page’s post (Reach: 5,626 / Likes: 9)
    Scheduled photo post: (Reach: 6,026 / Likes: 149, Shares: 119, Comments: 7)
    Even though the scheduled photo post had far more engagement, reach was nearly identical.

  • http://www.socialmediamamma.com/ Gaynor Parke-Social Media Mamm

    Always top quality content Jon, thanks. I agree with posting at diverse times and always testing. I’m in Australia with an American and English audience including my Australian fans so post at all hours. It’s the content that resonates with followers that gets the responses just as you say. Thanks again

  • http://jasonhjh.com/ Jason HJH

    An insightful post Jon! Thanks.

    I’ve been seeing this for some time with a few of my Pages too. I wonder if this has to do with your posting frequency too. It seems like posting often during peak hours could have made fans ‘tired’ of seeing and interacting with your post, while the converse is true when you post during peak hours :)

  • http://beta21.circussocial.com Avtar Ram Singh

    A post about organic Facebook reach? Now I’ve seen everything! ;) I’m very surprised you’re reaching such a high percentage of your fans organically Jon.

  • Salman Naeem

    Made the POINT!! I have been trying to convince brand managers here in Pakistan! finally can use this as a case study :D

  • http://www.antoniocalero.com/ Antonio Calero

    I’ve talked about this issue on a recent article I wrote for Top Dog Social Media, where I explained my findings and suggest to consider that, if all your competitors post at the same time because that’s when most followers are connected, then competition is higher and thus it’s harder to get a place in the users’ News Feed. However posting when not everyone is doing it, even if it looks stupid, may provide much better results as competition is lower.

    Facebook insights is only telling you that your followers are connected, but it’s not giving any clues about how well your post is going to do.

  • Khuram Dhanani

    Nicely laid out post. Depending on which market you target and who are your target audience, the time of a Facebook post has to be decided:- Khuram Dhanani

  • Jade

    Hey Jon,

    This is an incredible test. Thanks so much for sharing! Great points about the international & East coast audiences.

    √√√

    Very helpful.

    Thanks.

  • Chris

    Interesting results for sure. I’d be interested to know how many other people scroll back through FB posts to the last thing they saw the previous night when they first get on like I do. & how that affects this.

  • venkyiyer58

    Always had my doubts about the so-called “best times”, mostly because I just refused to believe there is a one-time-fits-all possibility.

  • http://www.vegcoach.com/ Ellen Jaffe Jones

    Great stuff, thanks for sharing! It reminds me as photojournalist, peeps ask me what is the best camera to buy. I always say, it is the one you use. I have a lovely, fully equipped stand-alone camera, but the one I use most often, OK…almost all the time…is my iPhone5 which can zoom like any more expensive camera. My photos get used all over and no publication/site has ever rejected any pix based on the camera I used. Sometimes I think we can over-analyze some of this. You’re right, I think. Content is king!

  • http://www.renaudgagne.com Renaud Gagne

    That was definitely worth reading until the end. :-) thanks

  • Rich

    The past few days for the heck of it I posted between 12-3am…man was I surprised what a vibrant group that was liking and sharing my posts!

    Also, I noticed that certain teeshirts sold well when posted during the day but would peter out if posted again in the near term, yet, if I posted them early in the morning it was like a whole new audience was seeing them so they were evergreen to them. And thus $$$ :-)

    Now I’m wondering wheter it would be wiser to only post between say 10:00 and 3:00 while skipping the mid-day newsfeed rush.

  • Wendy

    Hi, really enjoying your articles… Thank You. I am wandering which SM software actually can optimise your post times by evaluating your data? Thereby an option where you can ask the software to pick “best ” time for scheduled posts, and if this is available, would you say the use of data is correct in your opinion? Or a least in line with what you are suggesting here?

  • Cotch_Snowflake

    In the above, how do you break out which of the ‘link clicks’ were attributed to your ads?

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